Non-Disclosure Agreement 101:
Everything You Need to Get Started

In the fast-paced business world, protecting sensitive information is paramount. This is where non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) come in. Whether you’re sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation, understanding NDAs is essential to safeguarding your proprietary knowledge.


In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about non-disclosure agreements. From the basics to the intricacies, we’ll cover the ins and outs of NDAs to ensure you’re equipped with the knowledge needed to protect your trade secrets.


Learn how to draft an effective NDA, what key elements to include, and how to enforce it if necessary. We’ll also address common misconceptions surrounding NDAs and provide real-world insights into their importance in different industries.


Don’t let your valuable information fall into the wrong hands. Dive into our NDA 101 guide and take the necessary steps to secure your company’s confidentiality.

What is a non-disclosure agreement (NDA)?

A non-disclosure agreement, also known as a confidentiality agreement, is a legal contract between parties that outlines the terms and conditions for sharing confidential information. It establishes a confidential relationship and protects sensitive data from being disclosed to unauthorized individuals or entities.


NDAs are commonly used in various business scenarios, such as when two companies are considering a partnership or when an employee has access to proprietary information. By signing an NDA, the receiving party agrees to keep the disclosed information confidential and not to use it for any unauthorized purposes.


There are two primary types of NDAs: unilateral and mutual. A unilateral NDA is one-way, where only one party discloses information, while a mutual NDA is two-way, where both parties exchange confidential information. The type of NDA you need will depend on the specific circumstances and the level of confidentiality required.

The importance of non-disclosure agreements

Non-disclosure agreements play a crucial role in protecting intellectual property, trade secrets, and other confidential information. Here are some key reasons why NDAs are important for businesses:


  1. Preserving confidentiality: NDAs provide a legal framework to maintain the confidentiality of sensitive information, ensuring that it remains protected from unauthorized disclosure.
  2. Safeguarding competitive advantage: NDAs help prevent competitors from gaining access to valuable information that could be used to replicate or undermine your business strategies, product development, or market positioning.
  3. Building trust: By requiring parties to sign an NDA, businesses signal their commitment to protecting confidential information. This fosters trust and confidence among stakeholders, such as investors, clients, and partners, who may be more inclined to collaborate knowing that their sensitive information is secure.
  4. Legal recourse: Should a breach of confidentiality occur, an NDA provides a legal recourse for the injured party. It allows them to seek damages or obtain an injunction to prevent further disclosure of confidential information. Having an NDA in place strengthens the legal position of the disclosing party in case of litigation.

Key elements of a non-disclosure agreement

A well-drafted non-disclosure agreement should include certain key elements to ensure its effectiveness and enforceability. Here are the essential components that should be included in an NDA:


1. Definition of confidential information: Clearly define what constitutes confidential information under the agreement. This can include trade secrets, business strategies, financial data, customer lists, technical specifications, or any other proprietary information specific to your business.


2. Parties involved: Identify the parties involved in the agreement, including the disclosing party (the one sharing the confidential information) and the receiving party (the one obligated to keep it confidential). Include their legal names, addresses, and contact information.


3. Purpose and scope: Clearly state the purpose of sharing the confidential information and the limitations on its use. Define the scope of the agreement, specifying the duration of confidentiality and any exceptions or exclusions.


4. Non-disclosure obligations: Outline the obligations of the receiving party regarding the confidential information. This includes a commitment to keep the information confidential, not to disclose it to third parties, and to use it solely for the agreed-upon purpose.


5. Non-compete and non-solicitation clauses: Depending on the nature of the agreement, you may want to include clauses that restrict the receiving party from competing with the disclosing party or soliciting its employees, customers, or suppliers for a specified period.


6. Terms of disclosure: Specify how the confidential information will be shared, whether orally, in writing, or through electronic means. Consider including provisions regarding the return or destruction of confidential information at the end of the agreement.


7. Remedies and dispute resolution: Define the remedies available in case of a breach of the agreement, including monetary damages, injunctive relief, or specific performance. State the governing law and the preferred method of dispute resolution, such as arbitration or mediation.


Remember, the specific details and language of an NDA may vary depending on the jurisdiction and the unique circumstances of the agreement. It’s advisable to consult with a legal professional to ensure your NDA complies with applicable laws and adequately protects your interests.

Types of non-disclosure agreements

Non-disclosure agreements come in different forms, each designed to address specific needs and scenarios. Here are some common types of NDAs and their specific use cases:


1. Unilateral NDA: This is the most common type of NDA and is used when only one party is disclosing confidential information. It protects the interests of the disclosing party by preventing the receiving party from sharing or using the disclosed information without authorization.


2. Mutual NDA: Also known as a bilateral NDA, this type of agreement is used when both parties will be exchanging confidential information. It ensures that both parties have equal obligations to protect each other’s confidential information.


3. Employee NDA: Employee NDAs are used to protect proprietary information shared with employees during the course of their employment. It safeguards trade secrets, customer lists, marketing strategies, and other sensitive information from being disclosed to competitors or used for personal gain.


4. Vendor NDA: When working with external vendors or contractors, a vendor NDA helps protect sensitive information shared during the course of their work. This can include access to proprietary software, client data, manufacturing processes, or any other confidential information related to your business operations.


5. Invention NDA: An invention NDA, also known as a patent NDA, is used when disclosing confidential information related to an invention or new product idea. It ensures that the receiving party will not use or disclose the invention without permission and helps protect the inventor’s rights.


6. Investor NDA: When seeking funding or engaging in discussions with potential investors, an investor NDA helps protect your business plans, financial projections, and other sensitive information from being shared with competitors or used for unauthorized purposes.


These are just a few examples of the types of NDAs available. It’s important to select the appropriate type of NDA based on the nature of the information and the relationship between the parties involved.

Enforcing a non-disclosure agreement

While prevention is always preferable, there may be instances where a breach of a non-disclosure agreement occurs. In such cases, it’s important to understand how to enforce the agreement and protect your rights. Here are some steps to consider when enforcing an NDA:


1. Gather evidence: Collect all relevant evidence that supports your claim of a breach, such as emails, documents, or witness statements. The more evidence you have, the stronger your case will be.


2. Review the agreement: Carefully review the terms of the NDA to ensure that the alleged breach falls within the scope of the agreement. If there are any ambiguities or loopholes, consult with a legal professional to determine the best course of action.


3. Send a cease and desist letter: Start by sending a formal cease and desist letter to the party in breach, demanding that they immediately stop using or disclosing confidential information. Clearly state the consequences of non-compliance and the legal actions you may take if the breach continues.


4. Seek mediation or arbitration: If negotiations fail to resolve the dispute, consider seeking mediation or arbitration to resolve the issue outside of court. These alternative dispute resolution methods can be faster and more cost-effective than litigation.


5. Litigation as a last resort: If all else fails, and the breach has caused significant harm, you may need to pursue legal action. Consult with a litigation attorney who specializes in intellectual property or contract law to assess the strength of your case and determine the best course of action.



Remember, enforcing an NDA can be a complex and time-consuming process. It’s important to consult with a legal professional who can guide you through the specific steps and help you protect your rights effectively.


Non-disclosure agreements are a vital tool in today’s business landscape. By understanding the basics of NDAs, drafting effective agreements, and knowing how to enforce them if necessary, you can protect your trade secrets and maintain the confidentiality of your valuable information. Don’t let your hard work and proprietary knowledge go unprotected. Take the necessary steps to secure your company’s confidentiality with a well-crafted non-disclosure agreement.

Ricasio Law is a Philippine Law Firm to assist you in Non Disclosure Agreements

Ricasio Law is a law firm in the Philippines with experts in Business and Contract Law. Our team of Contract Law experts in the Philippines can give you useful advice and help you figure out how to craft or review a Non Disclosure Agreement or NDAs that will protect your rights and interest. Get in touch with us right away to talk about your case and let us help you protect your Contractual rights.

Disclaimer: The content on this website is offered as general information only and is not intended to be legal advice or a solicitation for legal services. The information is not being supplied as part of an attorney-client relationship between the Lawyers of Ricasio Law and anyone viewing it. Viewers should not rely on the information on this website for making legal decisions, but should instead get legal assistance from a skilled attorney. You should not act exclusively on the basis of the material on this website and are strongly recommended to seek the legal advice of a lawyer.

If you are interested in the legal representation, counseling, and other legal services that we offer, please contact us using the information provided on this website. You can also discover more about our real estate transaction services here.

Contact Us

+63 (906) 590 0259

Unit 202, Cristina Condominium, Legaspi Street cor. V.A. Rufino Street, Legaspi Village, Makati City


MON-FRI 9:00 AM – 12:00 PM | 1:00 PM – 5:00 PM (GMT +8)
SAT 10:00 AM – 2:00 PM (GMT +8) by appointment

About Us

Ricasio Law is a boutique law firm specializing in business law and contracts, litigation, and labor and employment. Our team of experienced lawyers are committed to providing personalized and effective legal solutions to our clients. Our practice areas are broad and designed to meet your needs. Our team is dedicated to helping you achieve your goals